Using Biomaterials in Architectural Planning

Using Biomaterials in Architectural Planning

In recent years, architects and designers increasingly turn to the use of biomaterials in building and structure design. This approach makes architecture more environmentally friendly and sustainable. The growing demand is stimulating the development of new biomaterials suitable for construction.

Definition of Biomaterials

Biomaterials are building materials derived from renewable biological resources. These include wood, bamboo, flax, hemp, straw, fungal mycelium, and others. Unlike traditional materials, biomaterials are eco-friendly and fully decompose in the natural environment after use.

Application of Biomaterials in Architecture

The use of biomaterials in building design offers the following advantages:

  • Reduction of the carbon footprint due to CO2 storage by the plants from which the material is derived
  • Improved thermal insulation and humidity regulation in buildings
  • Creation of a healthy indoor environment without toxic emissions
  • Energy savings in heating and cooling
  • Construction of homes with minimal impact on the landscape

Key Areas of Biomaterials Application:

  • Building frames (wood, bamboo)
  • Insulation materials (straw bales, hemp insulation)
  • Finishing materials (mycelium, wood panels)
  • Roofing (reed roofs, green roofs)

Market Development Prospects

Forecasts suggest that by 2030, the share of biomaterials in construction will increase to 30%. The EU countries are leaders in incorporating biomaterials into architecture. Several countries have introduced "green" standards for new buildings to encourage the use of renewable materials. The growing demand for eco-homes will further promote the spread of biomaterials in architectural design.


The use of biomaterials allows for truly "green" architecture. Eco-friendly homes made from biomaterials are a future trend that aligns with sustainable development principles. The use of renewable resources in construction will only expand as new types of biomaterials are developed and the demand for eco-housing increases.