Finishing and Decorating the Temple

Finishing and Decorating the Temple

Decorating a temple is a craft capable of transforming any space, including temple interiors. When creating mosaic panels, the composition approach, high-quality materials, and the manufacturing process itself are of paramount importance. The variety of themes allows for the choice between bright landscapes, still lifes, floral compositions, abstractions, and more.

Mosaic Panels

Choosing a theme for a mosaic panel is a process that requires meticulous approach and attention to detail. The main task here is to achieve harmony between the image on the panel and the overall style of the temple's interior. It's important to consider that the panel should complement the space, not compete with it. A key aspect of this process is the choice of color palette. Colors must be selected in such a way that they harmonize with the main shades of the interior, creating a cohesive and harmonious look.

Mosaic panels, made of ceramic or glass tiles, can decorate both walls and floors of the temple. Their placement on the floor is particularly advantageous when it's necessary to hide irregularities or defects on the surface. Mosaic on the floor not only serves a practical function but also adds uniqueness and sophistication to the interior. Each tile in the mosaic contributes to the overall picture, creating complex and captivating patterns. Such a decorative element can significantly transform the exterior appearance of the temple, making it brighter and more memorable. Depending on the design and composition, mosaic panels can illustrate religious scenes, symbolic images, or abstract patterns, each contributing uniquely to the overall atmosphere of the sacred space.


Painting in temple art holds a key position, as it not only decorates but also conveys deep spiritual meaning and traditions. The temple, as a symbol of the heavenly kingdom and the universal church, is embodied in every element of its painting. These images carry rich symbolism, revealed through monumental painting, making each church unique.

Temple painting is not limited to strict templates. Artists often draw inspiration from biblical scenes, holy legends, and religious symbols, creating works that harmoniously fit into the architecture and spiritual space of the temple. The Orthodox Church especially emphasizes the idea that every element in the temple should symbolize the aspiration towards light, towards the Divine.

The dome, towering above the temple, is the pinnacle and the main element of the artistic composition. It symbolizes the Lord Himself, uniting heaven and earth. The drum of the dome is often adorned with images of prophets and apostles, reflecting the idea of spreading their teachings around the world. These figures carry special significance, showing the connection between the earthly world and the divine.

The sails of the dome, supporting its structure, are often adorned with images of the four evangelists – Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Each represents one of the four Gospels, which are the foundation of the Christian faith. These images symbolize the importance of their words and teachings, which spread around the world, like sails guiding a ship.

Thus, temple painting is not just decoration, but a powerful means of spiritual and religious expression, through which important symbolism and teachings of the Orthodox faith are conveyed.

Icons in Wooden Kiotas

Icons, being the central element of temple art, are usually stored in kiotas – special wooden or hinged frames, designed for their protection and dignified presentation. Kiotas serve not just as a frame for the icon; they emphasize its holiness and significance, acting as a kind of altar for the icon.

The manufacturing of kiotas is a fine art, combining traditional carpentry methods and modern technologies. The use of the latter allows not only to create high-quality kiotas but also to restore old icons, although this process becomes more complex and labor-intensive with age.

Kiotas can be both church and home. In church interiors, kiotas are often more large-scale and decorative, whereas home kiotas are usually more modest and compact, yet still made with respect for the sanctity of the icon.

In manufacturing kiotas for the temple, experienced architects and carpenters are often involved, who bring to life complex architectural and decorative solutions. Materials such as pine and linden are typically used for creating the base and details of carving, respectively. Decorative elements of the kiota may include carving, gilding, or the use of veneer from valuable wood species, adding a special refinement and nobility. These elements not only decorate the kiota but also emphasize the importance and sanctity of the icon stored within it.


In conclusion, the discussion of decorating and finishing the interior of the temple reveals a deep and multi-faceted process that not only decorates but also imparts sacred meaning to each element of the church space. Decorating a temple is not just an aesthetic enhancement of its appearance, it is an act of expressing spiritual values and beliefs through art and symbolism. The finishing of the temple's interior, whether through fine work with mosaics, carefully selected colors in painting, or exquisitely crafted kiotas for icons, contributes to creating an atmosphere of reverence and spiritual serenity.

Each element, from the mosaic panel to the adorned kiota, carries deep meaning and significance, contributing to the creation of a unique and special interior that reflects the history, culture, and spiritual aspirations of the community. Through this meticulous finishing and decorating of the temple, believers and visitors can feel a connection to the divine, immersing themselves in an atmosphere of peace, prayer, and inspiration.

Thus, the art of decorating and finishing the interior of the temple plays a key role in shaping its unique appearance and spiritual message, making each temple not just a place of worship but a living symbol of faith and traditions.