Balinese Style Architecture

Balinese Style Architecture

The Balinese style originated on the Indonesian island of Bali. Since ancient times, the locals have been building dwellings from available natural materials - bamboo, wood, and straw. The island's architecture was shaped under the influence of Hindu culture and traditions.

Main Features of Balinese Architecture

The Balinese style is characterized by the use of natural materials such as bamboo, wood, straw, and stone. These materials are eco-friendly and allow for the creation of lightweight ventilated structures, adapted to Bali's hot tropical climate.

Buildings are distinguished by simple, unadorned forms - most often single-story structures with wide roofs, large windows, and terraces. Decor is minimalistic, with natural colors of materials predominating.

Balinese architecture organically integrates into the beach or mountain landscape of the island. Buildings seem to grow out of the ground, harmonizing with the surrounding vegetation and terrain. Local beliefs are considered in construction, with small temples and sanctuaries being built.

Building Materials

For load-bearing structures, strong and flexible bamboo is used, which also serves as supports for roofs. Walls are made of a wooden frame, filled with straw or reeds, and sometimes volcanic stone bricks are used.

The traditional material for roofing is alang-alang palm leaves. They have water-repellent properties, protect from the sun and rain. Roof overhangs can reach 3-5 meters, creating shade and protection from precipitation.

In the hot climate, ventilation is very important. Therefore, buildings are made with open apertures instead of walls, using lightweight bamboo or fabric screens. All this ensures natural air circulation.

Typical Elements of Balinese Buildings

A characteristic feature of Balinese architecture is high gabled roofs with wide eaves up to 3-5 meters. This roof design protects the house from the sun and tropical downpours.

For better ventilation in the hot and humid climate, large windows and door openings without glass are made, and sometimes lightweight bamboo screens are used instead of walls.

Characteristic are open terraces and balconies with views of the surroundings. They serve as places for rest and socializing.

A traditional element is a separate standing tower-bale. It is a small sanctuary for worshipping the gods and storing valuable items. Bale is decorated with carved ornaments and sculptures on mythological themes.

Balinese Style in Interior

For interiors in the Balinese style, simplicity and succinctness are characteristic. In the decoration, natural shades of wood, stone, handmade fabrics predominate.

There is a minimum of furniture made from valuable species of tropical wood with carved patterns. Ethnic elements are present - statues of gods, masks, cult objects, made by local craftsmen.

Live plants are essential, creating an atmosphere of unity with nature. Popular are open inner courtyards with fountains and flowers. All this creates a sense of peace and harmony.

Popularity of Balinese Style Worldwide

The Balinese style has gained popularity worldwide due to its eco-friendliness and harmony with nature. Its features can be found in residential houses, hotels, restaurants, and SPA centers. This unique architectural style remains popular.